Albinism is a rare, non-contagious, genetically inherited condition present at birth characterized by a lack of pigmentation (melanin) in the hair, skin and eyes. Almost all people with albinism are visually impaired and are at risk of developing skin cancer. Albinism occurs regardless of ethnicity or gender. Both parents must carry the gene for it to be passed on, even if neither have albinism themselves. It is important to note that a child with albinism received the defective information from both parents and that it is common for parents with normal skin colour to have a child with albinism. It is estimated that there are about 25,000 PWA in Zambia. In Africa it is estimated that 1 in every 5,000 to 15,000 people have albinism with some populations having estimates as high as 1 in 1,000. Hundreds of attacks including murder, mutilations, grave robberies, sexual violence, kidnapping and trafficking of persons and body parts have been reported across Africa. PWA are subjected to namecalling and exclusion, which impacts negatively on their rights to equality, dignity and access to equal opportunities. This stigma is compounded by a lack appropriate services, unsupportive legislation, inaccessible environments, poverty and social exclusion. In most communities the woman is wrongly blamed for being the cause of the albinism, a misconception that leaves mothers ostracised and abused. Many women and children with albinism face a heightened risk of domestic and sexual violence. Many PWA are trapped in poverty as they face multiple barriers to accessing an education, securing a livelihood and fully participating in society. In response to the widespread disappearances and killing of people with albinism in Tanzania, Burundi and other East and Central African countries, the United Nations officially declared PWA “persons with disabilities” in 2008.