2009 Human Rights Report: Tanzania    More DIPLOMACY IN ACTION  Search Site... In This Section: Go Back Home > Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights > Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor > Releases > Human Rights Reports > 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices > Africa Tanzania F T A Share Quick Links Archives BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices Report March 11, 2010 Passports This is the basic text view. SWITCH NOW to the new, more interactive format. Visas Careers The United Republic of Tanzania, with a population of approximately 41 million, is a multiparty republic consisting of the mainland and the Zanzibar archipelago, whose main islands are Unguja and Pemba. The union is headed by a president who is also head of government; its unicameral legislative body is the National Assembly (parliament). Diversity Visa Zanzibar, although integrated into the country's governmental and party structure, has its own president, court system, and legislature, and exercises considerable autonomy. In the 2005 union presidential and legislative elections, Jakaya Travel Advisories Kikwete was elected president, and the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi party (CCM) made signifcant gains in parliament. Observers considered the union elections on both the mainland and in Zanzibar to be largely free and fair. The 2005 Per Diem Rates elections for president of Zanzibar were more contentious, however, with serious irregularities and politically motivated violence. While the civilian government generally maintained effective control of the security forces, there were instances in which elements of the security forces acted independently of government authority. There were a number of human rights problems. Police and prison guards used excessive force against inmates and suspects, and police impunity was a problem. Prison conditions were harsh and life threatening. Police corruption and violation of legal procedures were problems, and the judiciary was corrupt and ineffcient. The government partially limited freedom of speech and press, especially in Zanzibar. Government corruption remained a problem, and authorities restricted the movement of refugees. Societal violence against women and persons with albinism and women persisted. Female genital mutilation (FGM), especially of young girls, continued to be practiced. Traffcking in persons and child labor continued. RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom From: a. Arbitrary or Unlawful Deprivation of Life Neither the government nor its agents committed any politically motivated killings; however, on occasion security forces killed civilians during the year. In May the inspector general of police warned his offcers not to use lethal force; however, on several occasions security forces used such force against citizens in custody and during pursuit. For example, on March 27, police shot and killed a taxi driver in Dar es Salaam after mistaking him for a robber. Bystanders told reporters that the taxi driver was taking a client home when police shot and killed him. Police investigated the case and turned the fle over to prosecutors, who dropped all charges. However, the offcer died in custody of natural causes before he could be released. https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/af/135980.htm[13/08/2018 2:29:20 PM]

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