Introduction In July 2019, during its thirty-fifth ordinary session, the Executive Council of the African Union (AU) decided to adopt a Plan of Action on Ending Attacks and Discrimination against People with Albinism (Plan of Action)1, making it a continent-wide strategy. The AU also decided that a Special Envoy on Albinism would be appointed to ensure the implementation of the Plan of Action. To realize the vision of the AU Agenda 2063, and to accomplish the “Africa We Want” in our lifetime, the AU in 2018 adopted a Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Africa. This was followed by an adoption of the African Union Disability Strategic Framework, which replaced the extended Plan of Action on the African Decade of Persons with Disabilities (2010–2019). The two instruments are part of the pillars of the African Union Disability Architecture (AUDA), which is a framework guiding Member States on ensuring disability rights and inclusion in Africa. The AUDA comprises three pillars: the Legal Pillar (Disability Protocol); the Programme Pillar (Disability Strategic Framework); and the Institute (AU Disability Institute). The timeline of 2031 as indicated for the Plan of Action is also based on available baseline information in 2019 for the Report on the Implementation of the Continental Plan of Action on the African Decade of Persons with Disabilities (2010–2019). The Plan of Action on Albinism, set out below, which includes an implementation matrix, forms part of the AU’s efforts to implement its Disability Strategic Framework and Disability Protocol. The Disability Protocol makes reference to persons with albinism in particular given the unique situation of attacks and discrimination that they have faced on the continent in the last twelve years. The Plan of Action establishes baselines and targets that are measurable and can be tracked and monitored. Monitoring requires rigorous data collection in order for Member States to correctly reflect statistics on persons with albinism. The targets of the Plan of Action for 2031 are loosely based on available baseline information from the Report on the African Decade of Persons with Disabilities (2010– 2019). More specifically, the Plan of Action takes note of the Report of the Regional Action Plan (RAP, 2017–2021). The Regional Action Plan was developed by organizations of persons with albinism in Africa, select government entities in the region, as well as other human rights entities under the leadership of the United Nations Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with 1 See, p. 31, no. 20. 2

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