Purpose of this website
The purpose of this website is to serve as a coordination platform for mobilizing resources and organizations committed to the implementation of the Regional Action Plan. Specifically the platform will serve to:
- Increase support for and knowledge about the Regional Action Plan.
- Promote implementation through institutional and financial resource mobilization.
- Report on progress, synergies and best practices.
To this end, the platform will present updated and accessible online information measuring progress regionally and by countries.
What is Albinism?
Albinism is non-contagious, genetically inherited and affects people regardless of race, ethnicity or gender. It results from a significant deficit in the production of melanin and is characterized by the partial or complete absence of pigment in any or all of the skin, hair and eyes. Persons with albinism therefore often appear pale in comparison with members of their family and their communities. Both parents must carry the gene for a child to have albinism. In such cases, there is a 25 per cent chance at each pregnancy that a child will be born with albinism. Albinism is a condition with multiple subtypes. In addition to significantly affecting appearance, albinism often results in two congenital permanent health conditions: visual impairments to varying degrees and high susceptibility to ultraviolet-induced skin damage, in particular skin cancer.
Albinism in Africa
In sub-Saharan Africa, it has been widely documented that myths and misbeliefs surrounding persons with albinism have led to witchcraft-related harmful practices, involving the use of their body parts obtained through brutal attacks and mutilations. Hundreds of attacks including murder, mutilations, grave robberies, sexual violence, kidnapping and trafficking of persons and body parts have been reported across 27 countries in the region.
Statistics about the prevalence of albinism vary widely and no comprehensive studies have yet been conducted. It is reported that in North America and Europe, an estimate of 1 in every 17,000 to 20,000 people have albinism. In Africa it is estimated that 1 in every 5,000 to 15,000 people have albinism with selected populations having estimates as high as 1 in 1,000.
The impact of the condition on human rights and its perception by others, including its effect on social inclusion, vary by region. Information about albinism worldwide may be obtained from individual organizations of the world albinism alliance.
Albinism and Human Rights
Persons with albinism are discriminated against on the basis of intersecting grounds, largely based on disability and colour. According to reports of the UN Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism, discrimination based on colour exacerbates the consequences of disability, in particular when there is high degree of contrast between the colouring of persons with albinism and that of the dominant population. In other words, discrimination against persons with albinism should be understood as a specific situation stemming from the intersection of both disability and colour. Also, multiple discrimination affects subgroups and individuals among people with albinism. For instance, persons with albinism who are women and those affected by HIV/AIDS face aggravated discrimination. Therefore, an understanding of the challenges and identification of promising practices to ensure the right of persons with albinism requires a holistic approach.
For more information on albinism and human rights, visit the website of the United nations Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism
UN Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism
In 2015, the Human Rights Council adopted a resolution establish the mandate of an Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism. For a period of three years, the independent Expert would engage with states, United Nations programs, and persons with albinism to:
- Engage in dialogue and consult with States and other relevant stakeholders, including United Nations agencies, programmes and funds, regional human rights mechanisms, national human rights institutions, the private sector and donors.
- Identify, exchange and promote good practices relating to the realization of the rights of persons with albinism and their participation as equal members of society.
- Promote and report on developments towards and the challenges and obstacles to the realization of the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism in all regions of the world, and to make recommendations to the Human Rights Council in this regard.
- Gather, request, receive and exchange information and communications from and with States and other relevant sources, including persons with albinism and their representative organizations and other civil society organizations, on violations of the rights of persons with albinism.
- Conduct, facilitate and support the provision of advisory services, technical assistance, capacity-building and international cooperation in support of national efforts for the effective realization of the rights of persons with albinism and to prevent violence.
- Raise awareness on the rights of persons with albinism and to combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful traditional practices and beliefs that hinder their enjoyment of human rights and participation in society on an equal basis with others.
- Promote awareness of their positive contributions and to inform persons with albinism about their rights.
- Report to the Human Rights Council, starting from its thirty-first session, and to the General Assembly.
The resolution also recommended to integrate a gender perspective throughout the work of the mandate and to pay specific attention to the challenges and needs of women and girls to address the multiple, intersecting and aggravated forms of discrimination faced by women and girls with albinism.
In 2018, the mandate of the Independent Expert was extended by Human Rights Council for another three years via Resolution 37/5
More on the Mandate at:
We wish to acknowledge all the entities that have submitted reports for this site and look forward to continued engagement including more reports from you. We also wish to thank Patricia Wilocq for her beautiful award-winning photos. See her full work at http://www.patriciawillocq.com/ Finally we thank the Task Force of the RAP and the team of the UN Independent Expert on albinism.