Regional Action Plan on Albinism

About the Regional Action Plan (RAP) on Albinism in Africa

The Regional Action Plan is the first-ever regional mechanism to proactively address eradicating discrimination and violence against persons with albinism in Sub Saharan Africa. Its overarching objective is to monitor the true impact of efforts to protect and integrate persons with albinism by multiple stakeholders across Africa. In particular, the plan consists of concrete and specific measures to realize the enjoyment of peace and human rights by persons with albinism. It is developed from recommendations made by the United Nations Independent Expert on Albinism, various human rights bodies and mechanisms at the UN and African Union levels. These recommendations have been further refined into various objectives which are achievable over the immediate, short to medium term (0 to 5 years) while triggering long term initiatives (beyond five years). The objectives are divided into four clusters: prevention, protection, accountability and equality and non-discrimination.

Download the Regional Action Plan on Albinism


Since 2006, over 700 attacks and other violations against persons with albinism have been reported across 28 countries in the Africa region. These numbers reflect a major threat to the right to life of persons with albinism on the continent. Very many other cases go unreported. In an effort to combat these violations, including alleviating preconditions which facilitate violence, the UN Independent Expert on the enjoyment of Human Rights by persons with albinism in collaboration with various AU mechanisms including the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, as well as other international development partners, have contributed to the development of a regional action plan. The plan includes an online presence which allows potential supporters to understand areas of need, and facilitates monitoring of whether, and how, the targets are being met. States have the primary responsibility of implementing the measures as part of their human rights obligations. However support from international development partners is necessary to execute them.


The Plan was initially put together by the Independent Expert using recommendations from relevant resolutions of the United Nations and the African Union, particularly those of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, and from the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. Content was also distilled from recommendations made by treaty bodies, by the universal periodic review mechanism and from national responses, such as the multisectoral action plan from Mozambique and Malawi, as well as those made by various national task forces in the United Republic of Tanzania. De facto and de jure national responses from other countries, such as Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa, were also considered.

The initial draft of the Plan was scrutinized during consultative workshops, the first of which was a two-day forum entitled “Action on albinism in Africa”, held in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, in June 2016, with over 150 participants from 26 countries in the region. In November 2016, a high-level meeting in Pretoria reviewed the proposed plan. Furthermore, in November, a think tank, which was elected at the end of the consultative forum, met in Nairobi for two days to refine the proposed plan. The participants at those workshops represented officials from various United Nations country teams, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, civil society, including organizations of persons with albinism, Governments, national human rights institutions and academia. Altogether, more than 200 participants from the majority of countries in the region participated. In 2018, the UN independent expert presented the Plan to the Human Rights Council. Click here to see that report.

The regional action plan (RAP) becomes AU-wide Policy!

In July 2019, during its thirty-fifth ordinary session, the Executive Council of the African Union* adopted the Regional Action Plan on Albinism as continent-wide policy. The Plan is the same as that featured on this site and which had been endorsed by various bodies regionally and internationally (see below). The African Union also decided that a special envoy would be appointed to ensure the implementation of the Plan.

*The Executive Council of the African Union is the apex decision-making body of the African Union. The decision cited can be found in the document: EX.CL/Dec.1063 [XXXV] concluded during its Thirty-Fifth Ordinary Session, which was held in Niamey, Niger from 4 - 5 July 2019.


African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

In May 2017, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights endorsed the Regional Action Plan on Albinism in Africa (2017-2021). In the resolution endorsing the Plan, the ACHPR urged States to adopt and implement the Regional Action Plan and to ensure the effective protection and promotion of the rights of persons with albinism and members of their families. It also invited organs and bodies of the African Union to give due regard to the Regional Action Plan within their mandates.

Pan-African Parliament

The Pan-African Parliament endorsed the Regional Action Plan via resolution in May 2018 (PAP.4/PLN/RES/05/MAY.18).

European Union

In October 2017, the European Union in its resolution on the Regional Action Plan expressed deep concern at the continuing and far-reaching discrimination and persecution faced by persons with albinism in Africa and condemned any inhuman and degrading treatment suffered by persons with albinism. The EU welcomes the Regional Action Plan as a positive and sustainable step forward, and called for its immediate and effective implementation. EU Member States are encouraged to keep engaging with affected countries effectively support policies which uphold the rights of persons with albinism.